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Rich in culture and tradition, Jongmyo Jerye is the only royal Confucian ritual in the world inherited and performed with such authenticity. The Jongmyo Jerye is called a composite art, combining ritual, music, song, and dance. Its ritual music has a special meaning for Koreans. The music was composed by His Majesty King Sejong the Great, who is still highly respected as the greatest king in Korean history. Korean art director Kye Seong-won explains the special reason why Sejong the Great created these songs. “Jongmyo Jeryeak, the ritual music, was made by Sejong the Great in the 15th century. The music that was previously used as court music in the royal palace was from China. As we all know, Sejong the Great made our own letters because our language is different from China. Just like that, Sejong the Great created so many pieces of music himself, and it was called ‘new music’ at the time.” The ritual music for Jongmyo Jerye, made with traditional Korean instruments and melodies, originated from King Sejong’s filial piety to continue playing the music that the deceased kings normally enjoy listening to even after their deaths. In Confucianism, filial piety is regarded as a great virtue, and Jongmyo Jerye is also based on filial piety to the deceased king. Therefore, the music made by Sejong the Great suits the true meaning of Jongmyo Jerye.